Below is a list of other important Supreme Court cases following Roe v Wade:
Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth (1976)
The Court struck down state laws that required the woman to obtain the consent of the spouse and/or a parent (of a patient under the age of 18) before an abortion procedure. The Court’s majority said the law in Missouri was unconstitutional because it “delegated to third parties an absolute veto power which the state does not itself possess.”
Bellotti v. Baird (1976 and 1979)
This case involved a Massachusetts law that required minor girls seeking an abortion to first obtain the consent of their parents, or a court order waiving that consent. The court’s 8-to-1 decision in 1979 affirmed its previous ruling in Danforth, invalidating all state laws that require all minor girls get obtain their parents’ consent before getting an abortion. It gave states the latitude to establish procedures to determine whether a girl is mature enough to make the decision. But it held that a pregnant minor is “entitled in such a proceeding to show either that she is mature enough and well enough informed to make her abortion decision, in consultation with her physician, independently of her parents’ wishes,” or that the abortion would be in her “best interest.”
Maher v. Roe, Beal v. Doe, Poelker v. Doe and Harris v. McRae (1977 – 1980)
These cases (the first three decided on the same day) all addressed the issue of public funding for abortion. After the Roe decision, the question of using federal tax dollars to pay for abortions became increasingly heated, particularly the use of Medicaid funds for abortions. States also passed restrictive laws and those were the first to be challenged. Among them was Maher, in which a group of indigent women claimed their due process rights were violated by a Connecticut law that limited Medicaid funding for abortions only to those deemed “medically necessary.” The court backed the state restrictions on the grounds that they simply encourage — rather than force — childbirth over abortion, and therefore didn’t undermine the women’s constitutional rights.
Three years later, the court affirmed federal limitations on the use of funding in the Harris case. The restrictions were proposed by Congressman Henry Hyde and became known as the “Hyde Amendment.” In this case, the court concluded that the federal government had no obligation to pay for abortions for indigent women.